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Category: Disaster

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Acute Flaccid Myelitis

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers resources and references related to ​Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). AFM is a rare but serious condition. It affects the nervous system, specifically the area of spinal cord called gray matter, which causes the muscles and reflexes in the body to become weak.

CDC: Protect Yourself from Wildfire Smoke

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers information about how to protect yourself from wildfire smoke. 

Evidence-based guideline: Clinical evaluation and treatment of transverse myelitis

This review assess the evidence for diagnostic tests and therapies for transverse myelitis (Neurology Dec 2011, 77 (24) 2128-2134).

Severe acute respiratory syndrome and critical care medicine: The Toronto experience

The 2003 global outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) provided numerous challenges to the delivery of critical care. The Toronto critical care community has learned important lessons from SARS, which will help in preparation for future disease outbreaks.(Crit Care Med 2005; 33[Suppl.]:S53–S60)

Severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS): A critical care perspective

This Critical Care Medicine article aims to review the epidemiology, clinical features, etiology, diagnosis, and management of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) from a critical care perspective.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: Knowledge to Date

This Critical Care Medicine article provides a conceptual and clinical review of Middle East respiratory syndrome.
(Crit Care Med 2015; 43:1283-1290)

Lessons learned: Protection of healthcare workers from infectious disease risks

This Critical Care Medicine article summarizes current concepts on preventing occupationally acquired infections in healthcare workers.

Intentional and Natural Outbreaks of Infectious Disease

This chapter from Fundamental Disaster Management aims to:

  • Explain the general principles of surveillance for intentional and natural outbreaks of infectious disease.
  • Describe the clinical presentation of category A and category B agents and the related diagnostic tests, treatment, and infection-control measures.
  • Describe the clinical presentation of other potential emerging diseases and the related diagnostic tests, treatment, and infection-control measures.

Biohazard Disasters: Natural and International Outbreaks

This complimentary lesson module from SCCM’s Fundamental Disaster Management (FDM) course addresses, among other things, the differences between outbreaks and conventional disasters and implementing appropriate and effective infection control measures.

Critically ill patients with the Middle East respiratory syndrome: A multicenter retrospective cohort study

This Critical Care Medicine aims to describe patient characteristics, clinical manifestations, disease course including viral replication patterns, and outcomes of critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory infection from the Middle East respiratory syndrome and to compare these features with patients with severe acute respiratory infection due to other etiologies.

Disasters Produced by Natural Phenomena

Disasters produced by natural phenomena are sudden ecological events of sufficient magnitude to require external assistance. In recent years, these events have been affecting increasing numbers of people throughout the world. Since 2000, an average of 400 natural disasters a year have occurred worldwide, which is close to twice the occurrence in the 1980s and early 1990s.

Disaster Triage and Allocation of Scarce Resources

When disaster strikes, effective management of resources can significantly influence the overall outcome of the response. If the number of victims and the complexity of their injuries are low and resources are abundant, resource allocation will have little impact on the disaster outcome. However, if there is a high number of victims with complex injuries and available resources are limited, how those resources are used will determine the outcome for some individuals.

Augmenting Critical Care Capacity During A Disaster

In a medical context, the term surge capacity refers to a healthcare delivery system’s ability to rapidly accommodate an increased demand for services under extenuating circumstances. The 3 most commonly identified components of surge capacity are staff, stuff (equipment, supplies, and pharmaceuticals), and space (room to accommodate patients, providers, and equipment).

Pandemics Cross Borders: How to Tackle Them From a Global Perspective

This is a presentation from the 47th Critical Care Congress on Pandemics Cross Borders.

Critical Impact: Key Findings From Multiprofessional Perspectives

This article was first published in the Fall 2021 issue of Critical Connections. In its continued effort to support healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) has produced three FREE self-directed courses on the pandemic’s influence on critical care practice.

Mass Casualty Burn Care

Burn injuries are very common both in disaster practice and in routine clinical practice. Petroleum derivatives, other industrial chemicals, and compressed gases are often present in our environment, and their mismanagement can result in serious health hazards. On average 60,000 patients require specialized burn unit admissions per year in the United States. Interestingly, some studies suggest that surgery, emergency medicine, and anesthesia residents are better prepared to respond to an anthrax event, a sarin exposure, or a nuclear explosion than to handle burns.

Conventional Explosions and Blast Injuries

Detonation of small-volume, high-intensity explosives is a growing threat to civilian as well as military populations. Understanding circumstances surrounding conventional explosions helps with rapid triage and recognition of factors that contribute to poor outcomes. Rapid evacuation of salvageable victims and swift identification of life-threatening injuries allows for optimal resource utilization and patient management.

2022 Critical Care Congress Plenary: Health System Readiness 2.0

Brendan G. Carr, MD, MA, MS, will address some of the realities of the COVID-19 pandemic and how health systems can prepare during the Peter Safar Memorial Lecture at the 2022 SCCM Congress.

Mass Casualty Events: Challenges and Opportunities in Caring for the Critically Ill and Injured

The Society of Critical Care Medicine's Critical Care Congress features internationally renowned faculty and content sessions highlighting the most up-to-date, evidence-based developments in critical care medicine. This is a presentation from the 2019 Critical Care Congress on disaster preparedness.

SCCM Pod-322 Disaster and Mass Casualty Response Strategies

Margaret Parker, MD, MCCM, speaks with Chadwick P. Smith, MD, about disaster and mass casualty response strategies in the wake of the Orlando shooting.