Content Type: Articles
Interleukin-7 Reverses Lymphopenia and Improves T-Cell Function in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Inborn Error of Toll-Like Receptor 3: A Case Report
From Critical Care Explorations . Interleukin-7 Reverses Lymphopenia and Improves T-Cell Function in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Inborn Error of Toll-Like Receptor 3: A Case ReportG966
Pharmacotherapy in Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Risk of Secondary Infections: A Single-Center Case Series and Narrative Review
From Critical Care Explorations . The authors sought to evaluate the impact of pharmacologic approach to coronavirus disease 2019 within the ICU on secondary infections and clinical outcomes.
Performance Analysis of the National Early Warning Score and Modified Early Warning Score in the Adaptive COVID-19 Treatment Trial Cohort
From Critical Care Explorations . In this study, the authors sought to validate prognostic scores in coronavirus disease 2019 including National Early Warning Score, Modified Early Warning Score, and age-based modifications, and define their performance characteristics.
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Survivors: Evidence of a Sustained Exercise Intolerance and Hypermetabolism
From Critical Care Explorations . In this study, the authors found prolonged reduced exercise capacity up to 6 months in critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 survivors. This disability did not result from residual pulmonary or cardiac dysfunction but rather from a metabol...
Right Ventricular Dysfunction and Its Association With Mortality in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
From Critical Care Medicine In this article, the authors assessed whether right ventricular dilation or systolic impairment is associated with mortality and/or disease severity in invasively ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Soluble Suppression of Tumorigenicity-2 Associates With Ventilator Dependence in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Respiratory Failure
From Critical Care Explorations . In this study, the authors hypothesized that elevated soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentrations, a marker of pulmonary epithelial injury, reflects ongoing lung injury in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure due to coronavirus dise...
Letter to the Editor: Lung Abscess in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A French Monocenter Retrospective Study
From Critical Care Explorations . In this Letter to the Editor, the authors report that 17 of 119 coronavirus disease 2019 patients (14%) with ventilator-associated pneumonia developed a lung abscess.
Online Letter to the Editor: Higher Than Expected Severity-Adjusted Mortality in ICU Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: Time to Consider the Contributions of Pandemic-Related Transformations in Structure and Process
From Critical Care Medicine . In this Online Letter to the Editor, the author responds to the article by Higgins et al. entitled “Coronavirus Disease 2019 ICU Patients Have Higher-Than-Expected Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-Adjusted Mortality and Length of St...
Technology and Disasters: The Evolution of the National Emergency Tele-Critical Care Network
From Critical Care Medicine . In this Invited Foreword, the authors describe the origins, development, and proof-of-concept testing of the National Emergency Tele-Critical Care Network (NETCCN), a system intended to deliver expertise anywhere needed, at a moment’s notice.
Tracheostomy for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients on Mechanical Ventilation Should Not Be Arbitrarily Delayed
From Critical Care Medicine . This Editorial accompanies an article by Angel et al. entitled “Tracheostomy for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation.”
Editorial: Prone Positioning in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Just Do It!
From Critical Care Medicine . This Editorial accompanies the article by Mathews et al. entitled “STOP-COVID Investigators. Prone Positioning and Survival in Mechanically Ventilated Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019–Related Respiratory Failure.”
Early Intubation and Increased Coronavirus Disease 2019 Mortality: A Propensity Score–Matched Retrospective Cohort Study
From Critical Care Explorations . In this observational study, the authors found that iwithin 48 hours of triage, as well as at any time point in the hospital course, was associated with increased mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 patients.
Respiratory Physiology of Prone Positioning With and Without Inhaled Nitric Oxide Across the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Severity Spectrum
From Critical Care Explorations . In this observational study, the authors found that prone positioning improves oxygenation across the acute positive respiratory distress syndrome severity spectrum, irrespective of supine respiratory system compliance, end-expiratory pressur...
Impact of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions on ICU Admissions During Lockdown for Coronavirus Disease 2019 in New Zealand—A Retrospective Cohort Study
From Critical Care Medicine . In this study, the authors found that the he institution of nonpharmaceutical interventions was associated with a significant decrease in elective and acute ICU admissions and ICU resource use. These findings may help hospitals and health author...
Validation of a Crisis Standards of Care Model for Prioritization of Limited Resources During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Crisis in an Urban, Safety-Net, Academic Medical Center
From Critical Care Medicine . In Massachusetts, triage guidelines were designed based on acute illness and chronic life-limiting conditions. In this study, the authors sought to retrospectively validate this protocol to cohorts of critically ill patients from their hospital.
Operationalizing Ethical Guidance for Ventilator Allocation in Minnesota: Saving the Most Lives or Exacerbating Health Disparities?
From Critical Care Explorations . In this article, the authors note that the Ventilator Allocation Score can accurately identify patients with high rates of short-term mortality. However, these high mortality patients only represent 27% of all the patients who died, limiting ...
Epidemiological and Clinical Characterization of Superinfections in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients
From Critical Care Explorations . Prevalence of superinfections in coronavirus disease 2019 patients requiring mechanical ventilation was high in this series, and bacterial superinfections were independently associated with ICU or 28-day mortality (whichever comes first).
Examination of Early CNS Symptoms and Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Multicenter Observational Case Series
From C ritical Care Explorations . In this observational study, the authors found that early CNS symptoms, and pecifically encephalopathy, are differentially associated with risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 and may serve as an early marker for differences in clinical di...
Scarce Resource Allocation in a Pandemic: A Protocol to Promote Equity, Timeliness, and Transparency
From Critical Care Explorations . Drawing on expertise in critical care medicine, bioethics, and political science, the authors propose a decision-making protocol to ensure fairness in the resolution of conflict, timely decision-making, and accountability to improve system re...
Using Nonheparin Anticoagulant to Treat a Near-Fatal Case With Multiple Venous Thrombotic Lesions During ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 Vaccination-Related Vaccine-Induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia
From Critical Care Medicine . The authors describe the successful recovery from multiple and life-threatening venous thrombosis after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination.