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For patients being treated for COVID-19, do you switch back and forth between high-flow nasal cannula and noninvasive ventilation?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


For patients who fail to adequately oxygenate with less invasive methods, what are your triggers for starting mechanical ventilation? What would you want the non-ICU clinician to know before going down that path? When do you decide to intubate someone?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


For patients who have acute respiratory distress syndrome from COVID-19 and are on a ventilator, how do you identify secondary lung infections?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


For patients with COVID-19 being treated with intermediate- or full-dose enoxaparin, have anti-Xa levels been checked? If so, have higher-than-expected anti-Xa levels been found?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


For patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome from COVID-19, how do you prevent delirium when you cannot provide a sedation vacation or spontaneous breathing trial?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


For permissive hypercapnia, elevated CO2, and pH, how do you adjust the ventilator, circuit, heat and moisture exchanger, tubing, and positioning?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 8, 2021


Foreword: Does Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Cause Sepsis?

From Critical Care Medicine. In this foreword, the authors contend that there should be no debate that SARS-CoV-2 is an important cause of sepsis and that labeling it as such is beneficial and appropriate.


Frequency and Analysis of Unplanned Extubation in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors found that coronavirus disease 2019 patients have a higher incidence of unplanned extubation that requires reintubation than noncoronavirus disease 2019 patients.


Frequency of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Use Early in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors reviewed the available literature to understand the frequency of continuous renal replacement therapy use among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who required intensive care.


From Retirement to the Frontlines

This presentation describes what it has been like for a retired clinician to come back to work on the frontines during the pandemic. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Frugal Innovation: Enabling Mechanical Ventilation During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in Resource-Limited Settings

From Critical Care Explorations. In this commentary, the authors note that low-quality care has become a greater determinant of mortality than lack of access. To address this, they suggest a systems-wide approach to improving the quality of mechanical ventilation in resource-limited settings, which includes consideration of the interdependent ventilator design constraints such as cost and complexity, hospital infrastructure, availability of medications, and trained personnel.


Functional Outcomes and Their Association With Physical Performance in Mechanically Ventilated Coronavirus Disease 2019 Survivors at 3 Months Following Hospital Discharge: A Cohort Study

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors found that physical disability is common at 3 months in severe coronavirus disease 2019 survivors. Lung diffusing capacity and intermuscular adipose tissue assessed on CT were independently associated with walking distance, suggesting a key role for pulmonary function and muscle quality in functional disability.


Gender Difference Is Associated With Severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection: An Insight From a Meta-Analysis

From Critical Care Explorations. This review article investigates how gender difference can affect the disease severity of COVID-19 infection.


GROOM-Q4: An Innovative, Consolidated Workflow to Improve ICU Efficiency and Reduce Viral Exposure

This resource covers strategies to consolidate workflow to improve ICU efficiency and reduce COVID-19 infection risks. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Guiding Principles for the Conduct of Observational Critical Care Research for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemics and Beyond: The Society of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection and Respiratory Illness Universal Study Registry

From Critical Care Medicine. In this article, the authors describe how the Society of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection and Respiratory Illness Universal Study coronavirus disease 2019 registry sought to develop and implement prespecified best practices combined with grassroots efforts from clinical sites worldwide in order to develop clinically useful knowledge in response to a pandemic.
 


Harmonizing Heterogeneous Endpoints in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Trials Without Loss of Information

From Critical Care Medicine

The authors aim to provide hands-on statistical guidelines for harmonizing heterogeneous endpoints in coronavirus disease 2019 clinical trials.


Have any studies been done with immunoglobulin instead of prolactin?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 9th, 2021


Have steroids been used after discharge?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


Have you become more aggressive in placing arterial lines in these patients when you might have only monitored pulse oximetry in the past?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


Have you considered lymphopenia as a criterion to suspect COVID-19?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


Have you seen a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adult ICU patients?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


Health Care Worker Burnout (Infographic)

This infographic details health care worker burnout. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) Use in COVID-19 Respiratory Failure

This presentation is an overview of HFNC use for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Higher Intensity Thromboprophylaxis Regimens and Pulmonary Embolism in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study from Belgium, the authors assessed the role of thromboprophylaxis regimens on the occurrence of pulmonary embolism in coronavirus disease 2019 patients.


High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) Use in COVID-19 Respiratory Failure

This presentation is an overview of HFNC use for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


High-Flow Nasal Oxygen in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure: A Multicenter, Retrospective Cohort Study

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors analyzed the effectiveness of high-flow nasal oxygen treatment and aimed to identify the variables predicting high-flow nasal oxygen treatment failure in coronavirus disease 2019 patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure.
 


How can clinicians foster communication between patients and their families?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues.


How can clinicians help patients transition through the ICU and other parts of the hospital to home?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues.


How can patients be weaned off high doses of multiple sedatives to which they have become tolerant?

In this question and answer webcast, attendees had the opportunity to post questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues.

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also addressed.

Webcast held on June 19, 2020


How did your institution handle incorporating fellows, residents, and other non-ICU clinicians into a tiered staffing system? Did they care for patients? What do you recommend?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 12, 2020.


How do approaches for children differ from those for adults?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


How do emergency department staff identify patients who need critical care? How are these patients triaged, and what criteria are used to determine whether patients are transferred to a ward, to the ICU, or to home?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on October 14, 2020.


How do we prevent VTEs and how do we survey for them? Should patients receive standard prophylaxis? Should all ventilated patients receive full-dose anticoagulation? What are your practices and how have you approached this at your center?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


How do you achieve a balance between staff safety and PPE use and assessing patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on October 14, 2020.


How do you decide whether there might be a superimposed bacterial pneumonia? What is your antibiotic of choice for treating this pneumonia?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


How do you perform advanced cardiovascular life support on a patient with COVID-19 who has a cardiac arrest? How does this apply to hemodynamic instability and vasopressor strategies?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on July 14, 2021


How does an emergency department nurse apply her skills to the ICU when asked to work as an ICU nurse? Does your hospital use any type of tiered staffing? Do you incorporate non-ICU nurses or non-ICU physicians into your ICU staffing?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


How does care differ for transplant patients? What strategies are most useful?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 11, 2021
 


How effective are medications that target interleukin-6?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


How have sepsis protocols or bundles been used in COVID-19 patients and what is the best way to navigate these bundles, especially regarding fluids?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 14th, 2021


How is ECMO being used in patients with COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How is it determined whether early intubation is a good strategy for a patient?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 14th, 2021


How is PPE allocated in your hospital? How are decisions made as to when to reuse it and when to discard it

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


How long is your standard course of dexamethasone and what is the preferred dosing on a medical ward versus the ICU?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on July 14, 2021


How long should patients be kept on noninvasive ventilation?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How often do COVID-19 patients have a secondary bacterial infection? What is the role of antibiotics in these patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 11, 2021


How often do you prone nonintubated patients? Are most patients on high-flow or noninvasive support being proned? What schedule is being used to alternate between prone and supine positions? Does the same schedule apply to intubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


How often do you recommend obtaining arterial blood gas analyses on the ward or in the ICU on these patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 11, 2021


How often do you see COVID-19-induced neuropathy in your patient population? How are you treating it?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on July 8th, 2020.


How should a COVID-19 patient who is recovering from acute respiratory distress syndrome be weaned off the ventilator?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How should a patient be managed who does not look terrible and has oxygen saturation 83% and low blood pressure?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 9th, 2021.


How should airways be secured when proning intubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How should anticoagulation be approached in the critically ill patient with COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


How should awake patients be placed in a prone position

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on May 13th, 2020.


How should delirium be addressed in ICU patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on May 12th, 2021


How should patients be weaned off mechanical ventilation? When should they be weaned and how long should weaning take?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


How should patients who require mechanical ventilation be identified and how should initial ventilator settings be determined?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


How should respiratory failure be treated in patients with COVID-19 in terms of ventilator management?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 15, 2020.


How should the decision be made as to whether a negative pressure isolation room is needed versus less strict forms of environmental controls?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on May 27th, 2020.


How to approach treating pain in patients with COVID-19

This presentation provides an overview of the types of strategies for approaching the A Element (Pain) of the ICU Liberation Bundle in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


How to enhance sleep in patients with COVID-19

This presentation provides an overview of the types of strategies for enhancing sleep in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


How was nurse staffing handled at your institution? Did you design a tiered staffing system for ICU nurses or did you use nurses from other departments? What was your experience with the nursing staff?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 12, 2020.


How were non-ICU nurses brought up to speed to care for patients that overflowed from the ICU?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


How will the new COVID-19 variants affect the vaccination strategy?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


How would a nonintensivist manage a patient who needs high-flow oxygen or noninvasive ventilation but does not require immediate intubation who is admitted to the ward because no ICU beds are available?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


How would you address the recent literature about prolactin as an immunomodulator for COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 9th, 2021


How would you describe the overall big picture of oxygen therapies?

In this question and answer webcast, attendees had the opportunity to post questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also addressed. Webcast held on June 19, 2020


Hypotension: Non-ICU Emergency Cards

This resource details how manage hypotension. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


ICU and Ventilator Mortality Among Critically Ill Adults With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. To help address the growing concern that critical illness, and specifically mechanical ventilation, are associated with a high risk of death, the authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of critically ill patients with COVID-19 across their academic health system.


ICU Bed Utilization During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in a Multistate Analysis—March to June 2020

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors examined ICU census trends in relation to ICU bed capacity during the rapid increase in severe coronavirus disease 2019 cases early during the pandemic, and concluded they concluded tha ttheir findings demonstrate the short-term adaptability of U.S. healthcare institutions in redirecting limited resources to accommodate a public health emergency.


ICU Guide for Airway Management in COVID-19 Patients

This is a quick airway management resource guide for treating COVID-19 patients . This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


ICU Mortality in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection: Highlighting Healthcare Disparities in Rural Appalachia

From Critical Care Explorations.  The authors found that critically ill and mechanically ventilated coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome patients transferred from Appalachian critical access hospitals/rural facilities have increased mortality compared with noncoronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome controls, suggesting that lack or delay in access to tertiary care may impact coronavirus disease 2019 outcome in rural areas. 


ICU Preparedness Checklist

COVID-19 Checklist. This checklist can be used to help prepare your institution during the COVID-19 surge.


ICU Readiness Assessment: We Are Not Prepared for COVID-19

SCCM COVID-19 Report. Nearly 5,000 U.S. intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians say that their ICUs are not prepared for the potential onslaught of COVID-19 patients. According to the Society of Critical Care Medicine's (SCCM) ICU Readiness Assessment Report, their specific concerns range from shortages of supplies and staff, patient surge and overcrowding, and personal protective equipment.


ICU vs. PICU Liberation: Same Goals, Different Tools

This presentation discusses the difference in ICU and PICU liberation to implement the ICU Liberation Bundle in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


IDSA Resources: Administration

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Administration


IDSA Resources: Disaster

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Disaster


IDSA Resources: Infection

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Infection


IDSA Resources: Obstetrics

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Obstetrics


IDSA Resources: Pediatrics

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Pediatrics


IDSA Resources: Pharmacology

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Pharmacology


IDSA Resources: Pulmonary

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Pulmonary


IDSA Resources: Quality and Patient Safety

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Quality and Patient Safety


IDSA Resources: Well-Being

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Well-Being


If a patient develops hypotension in the emergency department, how should this be addressed?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on May 12th, 2021


If a patient has had COVID-19 for 3 weeks and is still short of breath and fatigued and has a lot of ground-glass opacities on radiograph, should this patient receive steroids?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on October 14, 2020.


If a patient reports shortness of breath but has an oxygen saturation of 95%, is this patient a candidate for dexamethasone?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


If a patient was previously positive for either COVID-19, multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in children (MIS-C), or MIS in adults (MIS-A), and now has high titers, what post-COVID-19 symptoms might that patient have?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


If an intubated patient worsens, how would you code a patient in the prone position? When would you consider escalating to venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in the current COVID-19 environment?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 8, 2021


If heated high-flow nasal cannula is not available, can continuous positive airway pressure with nasal pillows be used instead?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


If you discharge a patient home when the patient still requires oxygen, would you have the patient complete the 10 days of dexamethasone or stop at discharge, since the data are for hospitalized patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


Impact of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions on ICU Admissions During Lockdown for Coronavirus Disease 2019 in New Zealand—A Retrospective Cohort Study

From Critical Care Medicine.  In this study, the authors found that the he institution of nonpharmaceutical interventions was associated with a significant decrease in elective and acute ICU admissions and ICU resource use. These findings may help hospitals and health authorities planning for surge capacities and elective surgery management in future pandemics.


Implications of Obesity for the Management of Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors report on their experience from their first 44 cases of 95 COVID-19 critically ill patients and analyze the link between obesity and this new form of 96 ARDS caused by the SARS-CoV-2 with its potential implications for patients' management.


Improving Survival of Critical Care Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in England: A National Cohort Study, March to June 2020

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors measured temporal trends in survival over time in people with severe coronavirus disease 2019 requiring critical care (high dependency unit or ICU) management, and assessed whether temporal variation in mortality was explained by changes in patient demographics and comorbidity burden over time.


In a patient who has COVID-19 respiratory infection and requires intubation, when should the patient be intubated and what is the intubation process?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


In permissive hypoxemia and acute respiratory distress syndrome, the literature typically talks about a partial pressure of oxygen of 60 mm Hg. How low should this pressure get for intubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


In Silico Modeling of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Pathophysiologic Insights and Potential Management Implications

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors adapted a high-fidelity computational simulator to develop quantitative insights into the key pathophysiologic differences between the coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome and the conventional acute respiratory distress syndrome and to assess the impact of different positive end-expiratory pressure, Fio2, and tidal volume settings.


In the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, when pediatric ICUs were turned into medical ICUs, how did the pediatric intensive care community manage adult patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


In Time of Plague: Healthcare Literacy During a Pandemic

This presentation is an overview of why health literacy considerations are important when communicating with COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


In Vitro–Administered Dexamethasone Suppresses T Cell Function With Reversal by Interleukin-7 in Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors evaluated the in vitro effects of dexamethasone phosphate on T cell function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived from patients with acute, severe, and moderate coronavirus disease 2019.


In your experience, how does management differ among pregnant patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 8, 2021


Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Receiving Prophylactic Anticoagulation

From Critical Care Medicine. Deep venous thrombosis is very common in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019, so the authors describe the prevalence of venous thromboembolism in critically ill patients receiving different regimens of prophylactic anticoagulation.


Increased Dead Space Ventilation and Refractory Hypercapnia in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Potential Marker of Thrombosis in the Pulmonary Vasculature

From Critical Care Explorations. This case series highlights clinical findings and management of coronavirus disease 2019 patients with refractory hypercapnia despite maximal/optimal ventilatory support.


Increased Glucocorticoid Receptor Alpha Expression and Signaling in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors found that ICU coronavirus disease 2019 patients showed upregulated glucocorticoid receptor alpha and glucocorticoid-inducible leucine zipper expression, along with cortisol levels, compared with ICU noncoronavirus disease 2019 patients. Thus, they concluded, on ICU admission, critical coronavirus disease 2019 appears to be associated with hypercortisolemia, and increased synthesis of glucocorticoid receptor alpha and induced proteins.


Increased Glucocorticoid Receptor Alpha Expression and Signaling in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors found that ICU coronavirus disease 2019 patients showed upregulated glucocorticoid receptor alpha and glucocorticoid-inducible leucine zipper expression, along with cortisol levels, compared with ICU noncoronavirus disease 2019 patients. Thus, they concluded, on ICU admission, critical coronavirus disease 2019 appears to be associated with hypercortisolemia, and increased synthesis of glucocorticoid receptor alpha and induced proteins.


Increased Incidence of Ventilator-Acquired Pneumonia in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients: A Multicentric Cohort Study

From Critical Care Medicine. In this Clinical Investigation the authors estimated the overall incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, the cumulative incidence, and hazard rate of the first and the second ventilator-associated pneumonia.


Infection Control from the ED to the ICU: Triage to Transport

The care of patients with COVID-19 requires careful steps for preventing infection of staff and other patients throughout the continuum care from the emergency department to the ICU. This webinar consisted of an expert panel discussion of questions and case studies that addressed burning questions. Participants also received an infographic with pearls from the panel experts to help in their practice. Webcast Recorded on Friday, March 26, 2021


Infectious Complications of COVID-19; Infection Control in COVID-19

Infection Control and healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) during COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content. 

Curriculum Topic: Infectious Complications & Management of COVID-19 Infection / Nosocomial


Inflammation Profiling of Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Explorations The authors profiled plasma inflammatory analytes to help understand the host response to COVID19.


Inflammatory Response and Phenotyping in Severe Acute Respiratory Infection From the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus and Other Etiologies

From Critical Care Medicine

The authors evaluated the inflammatory response in patients with severe acute respiratory infection due to the Middle East respiratory syndrome and non-Middle East respiratory syndrome and assessed the presence of distinct inflammatory subphenotypes using latent class analysis.


Infographic: Infection Control from the Emergency Department to the ICU

This infographic resource details best practices to mitigate infection control from the ED to the ICU.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Infographic: Multi-organ Point-of-care Ultrasound for COVID-19 (PoCUS4COVID): International Expert Consensus

This is an infographic that details multi-organ point of care ultrasound during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Initial Management of Hypoxic COVID-19 Patients

COVID-19 SSC Guidelines Infographic. This rapid resource is aligned with the SSC COVID-19 Guidelines.


Inpatient Mortality According to Level of Respiratory Support Received for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) Infection: A Prospective Multicenter Study

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors describe patients according to the maximum degree of respiratory support received and report their inpatient mortality due to coronavirus disease 2019.


Integral Use of Thromboelastography With Platelet Mapping to Guide Appropriate Treatment, Avoid Complications, and Improve Survival of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019–Related Coagulopathy

From Critical Care Explorations

In this study, the authors round that thromboelastography with platelet mapping better characterizes the spectrum of coronavirus disease 2019 coagulation-related abnormalities and may guide more tailored, patient-specific therapies in thostudyse infected with coronavirus disease 2019.


Interhospital Transfer Outcomes for Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Requiring Mechanical Ventilation

From Critical Care Explorations. In this single-center retrospective cohort, no significant differences in hospital mortality or length of stay between interhospital transfers and emergency department admits were found. 


Interleukin-6 in Critical Coronavirus Disease 2019, a Driver of Lung Inflammation of Systemic Origin?

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Brief Report the authors examined whether interleukin-6 in critical coronavirus disease 2019 is higher in arterial than in central venous blood, as a sign of predominantly local pulmonal rather than systemic interleukin-6 production.


Interleukin-6 Receptor Antagonists Critically Ill patients with COVID-19 (REMAP-CAP)

This resource details using interleukin-6 receptor antagonists when treating critically Ill patients with COVID-19 (REMAP-CAP). This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Interleukin-7 Reverses Lymphopenia and Improves T-Cell Function in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Inborn Error of Toll-Like Receptor 3: A Case Report

From Critical Care Explorations. Interleukin-7 Reverses Lymphopenia and Improves T-Cell Function in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Inborn Error of Toll-Like Receptor 3: A Case ReportG966


International Survey to Establish Prioritized Outcomes for Trials in People With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. The author set out to generate a consensus-based, prioritized list of outcomes for coronavirus disease 2019 trials.


Intracranial Pressure Dynamics and Cerebral Vasomotor Reactivity in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Acute Encephalitis

From Critical Care Explorations. In this article, the authors describe the intracranial pressure dynamics and cerebral vasomotor reactivity in a coronavirus disease 2019 patient with acute encephalitis treated with cerebrospinal fluid drainage and therapeutic plasma exchange.


Intravenous Immunoglobulin Plus Methylprednisolone Mitigate Respiratory Morbidity in Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors piloted a randomized trial of IV immunoglobulin in coronavirus disease 2019 patients and found significantly improved hypoxia and reduced hospital length of stay.


Intubated and Nonintubated Patients: Which COVID-19-Positive Patients Should be Treated With Corticosteroids?

Steve Pastores, MD, co-author of the Critical Care Explorations article "Rationale for Prolonged Corticosteroid Treatment in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Coronavirus Disease 2019," answers question regarding the use of corticosteriod treatment for ARDS caused by COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Intubation Medications/Sedation Requirements for Intubating COVID-19 Patient - Infographic

This resource is an infographic that details intubation medications and sedation requirement for intubating COVID-19 patients. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Futile in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Experiencing In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest?

From Critical Care Medicine

The authors describe the characteristics and outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest in coronavirus disease 2019 patients in rural Southwest Georgia.


Is Microthrombosis the Main Pathology in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Severity?—A Systematic Review of the Postmortem Pathologic Findings

From Critical Care Explorations.  In this systematic review, the authors attempted to retrieve and report the findings of postmortem studies including the histopathologic data of deceased coronavirus disease 2019 patients and to review the manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019–associated thrombotic pathologies reported in the recent literature. Diffuse alveolar damage was the most predominant feature in the lungs of coronavirus disease 2019 patients who underwent postmortem assessment. Widespread pulmonary microthrombosis and extensive pulmonary angiogenesis, in addition to frequent pulmonary and extrapulmonary microthrombotic and thromboembolic findings in patients with coronavirus disease 2019, appear to be consistent with the disease-specific hypercoagulability.


Is the COVID-19 disease process more similar to high-altitude pulmonary edema than to classic acute respiratory distress syndrome?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 15, 2020.


Is the standard 6 milligrams of dexamethasone for up to 10 days the only option? Do all patients need this or is there any evidence for trying something different? Has there been any experience with using a higher dexamethasone dose?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


Is there a relationship between the development of sepsis, the development of COVID-19, and subsequent mortality?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


Is there a Role for Angiotensin II in COVID-19 Patients with Shock?​

This resource details how angiotensin II can used for COVID-19 patients with shock.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Is there any consensus about prophylactic anticoagulation in patients without known venous thromboembolism?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


Is there any difference between baricitinib and tocilizumab? Would you choose one over the other?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 11, 2021


Is there any difference in outcome between patients who are intubated earlier from mechanical ventilation compared with those who are intubated later?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


Is there any research on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiencies in COVID-19 patients?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


Is there any situation in which you would use steroids in the emergency department? If so, would you use dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, or hydrocortisone?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on July 14, 2021


Is there concern about an increase in post-intensive care syndrome because of the limitations enacted to keep people safe from COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


Is tracheostomy a possibility in some COVID-19 patients? What is the longest time a patient has been on mechanical ventilation?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke Among Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: An International Multicenter Coronavirus Disease 2019 Critical Care Consortium Study

From Critical Care Medicine. In an international registry of ICU patients with coronavirus disease 2019, stroke was infrequent. Hemorrhagic stroke, but not ischemic stroke, was associated with increased mortality. Further, both hemorrhagic stroke and ischemic stroke were associated with traditional vascular risk factors. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use was strongly associated with both stroke and death.


Joint Statement of the Critical Care Society Collaborative to the US Congress and the Trump Administration

COVID-19 - SCCM Joint Statement. Production and distribution of personal protective equipment (PPE) and life-saving equipment.


Just-in-Time Simulation to Guide Workflow Design for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Difficult Airway Management

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Integration of table-top planning, in situ simulations, and debriefing of real COVID19 cases can enhance planning, training, job aids, and feasible policies/procedures that address human factors, team communication, equipment choice, and patient/provider safety in the COVID19 pandemic era.


Less Can Be More When Targeting Interleukin-6-Mediated Cytokine Release Syndrome in Coronavirus Disease 2019

Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) mediated by IL-6 is a critical driver of COVID-19 mortality. The authors review and discuss key immunologic effects of direct IL-6 blockade, downstream non-selective JAK inhibition, and selective JAK2 suppression to treat COVID-19-related CRS.


Letter to Editor: In Response to "Coagulopathy of Coronavirus Disease 2019"

From Critical Care Medicine. This Letter to the Editor is in response to the article "Coagulopathy of Coronavirus 2019" by Iba et a.


Letter to the Editor Treatment of Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Adjunct Therapeutic Plasma Exchange: A Single-Center Retrospective Case Series

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors describe their experience with a series of eight patients receiving adjunct therapeutic plasma exchange for severe coronavirus disease pneumonia complicated by sepsis with multiple organ dysfunction in which C-reactive protein and ferritin levels significantly decreased with therapeutic plasma exchange, whereas D-dimer decreased to a lesser degree.


Letter to the Editor: Barrier Techniques to Reduce Aerosolization During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors developed additional modifications to the suggested guidelines to further protect providers from unnecessary aerosolization; it illustrates a sample protocol for provider safety during advanced cardiovascular life support in the coronavirus pandemic.


Letter to the Editor: Barrier Techniques to Reduce Aerosolization During Extubation

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors describe a barrier technique during extubation which contained aerosolized particulates into a non-rebreather mask at time of extubation. The authors believe their protocol allows providers to perform extubations while minimizing exposure to aerosolized particles.


Letter to the Editor: Bias Due to Cohort Construction in the Study of Timing of Invasive Ventilation

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors respond to an article by Dupuis et al., congratulating the contribution to the problem of identifying which patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure truly benefit from invasive ventilation and suggesting future studies of invasive ventilation consider using the target trial concept in order to minimize bias and maximize the clinical applicability of results.


Letter to the Editor: Breaking Silos: The Team-Based Approach to Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Staffing

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors describe experiences and lessons learned at NewYork-Presbyterian (NYP), one of the largest healthcare delivery systems in the United States, in creating an intercampus leadership teams to combat COVID-19.


Letter to the Editor: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Far from Futile

From Critical Care Medicine. This online letter to the editor was written in response to " Is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Futile in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Experiencing In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest?" by Shah et al.


Letter to the Editor: Caution Is Needed When Reporting or Pooling the Prevalence of Venous Thromboembolism in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Medicine

In this Letter to the Editor, the author discusses the difficulties to ascertain in ICU settings the exact VTE incidence, incidence rate, or prevalence due to various reasons, including the absence of uniform screening at ICU admission to exclude patients with prior VTE, absence of systematic assessment with varying screening guided by clinicians’ suspicion, and varying follow-up time. In addition, the burden of venous thromboembolism in critically ill patients is discussed.


Letter to the Editor: Clinical Risk Prediction Scores in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Beware of Low Validity and Clinical Utility

From Critical Care Explorations

In this Letter to the Editor, the authors discuss their study and how their results show that the early tools developed in a relatively small, homogenous patient population are unlikely to be clinically useful in different settings.


Letter to the Editor: Comparing Seasonal Trends in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient Data at a Quaternary Hospital in New York City

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors report initial patient characteristics and outcomes from a large quaternary referral center in New York City between Spring, Summer, and Winter, including prevalence of renal failure, respiratory failure, and mortality; stratified across several key populations of interest including all patients, ICU patients, those requiring of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and high-flow nasal cannula, and those intubated in each time period.


Letter to the Editor: Concerns About the Timing and Settings of Initiating Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Patients With Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia

From Critical Care Medicine. In this Letter to the Editor, the author respond to an article by Yang et al about COVID and ECMO.


Letter to the Editor: Coronavirus Disease 2019: Understanding Immunopathogenesis Is the “Holy Grail” to Explain Why Children Have Less Severe Acute Disease

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this letter to the editor, the authors state that the understanding of the immunopathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection is important not only to understand the epidemiologic and age-related differences in COVID-19, but it is critical for the identification of appropriate treatment, as well as for the development of a highly immunogenic vaccine with low risk of antibody dependent enhancement.


Letter to the Editor: Corticosteroid Administration Is Associated With Improved Outcome in Patients With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Related Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

From Criticial Care Explorations. The authors report on the use of corticosteroids in mechanically ventilated patients with SARSCoV-2 related acute respiratory distress syndrome.


Letter to the Editor: Cytokine Blockade in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Keeping an Open Mind

From Critical Care Explorations.  This Letter to the Editor was written in response to the article by Rizvi and Gallo De Moraes entitled “New Decade, Old Debate: Blocking the Cytokine Pathways in Infection-Induced Cytokine Cascade.”


Letter to the Editor: Declines in Mortality Over Time for Critically Ill Adults With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors report an update to a previous study, finding a decline in mortality rates in critically ill patients with COVID-19.


Letter to the Editor: Early Clinical Experience in Using Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and High-Flow Nasal Cannula in Overweight and Obese Patients With Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure From Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors present their retrospective review of COVID-19 patients admitted to the ICUs within two academic urban hospitals (1,012 total hospital beds), comparing helmet continuous positive airway pressure and high-flow nasal cannula in patients with a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2 who had persistent hypoxemia.


Letter to the Editor: Evidence of Steroids in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. A letter to the editor in response to Villar et al. article on corticosteroids and COVID-19.


Letter to the Editor: Factors Associated With Pulmonary Embolism Among Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

From Critical Care Explorations. To do better understand the risk factors associated with pulmonary embolism in patients with COVID-19, the authors performed a post hoc analysis from the COVADIS project, a multicenter observational study gathering 21 ICUs from France and Belgium.


Letter to the Editor: Impact of Asynchronies in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors state that close monitoring of patients with COVID-19 and mechanical ventilation is required; staying at the patient’s bedside is necessary to identify life-threatening asynchronies and must be resolved promptly, as well as finding strategies for prevention of asynchronies. 
 


Letter to the Editor: Less Lumping and More Splitting: Why We Should Not Call COVID Sepsis

From Critical Care Medicine. This Letter to the Editor is in response to an editorial by Shappell et al. entitled “Does Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Cause Sepsis?”


Letter to the Editor: Lung Abscess in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A French Monocenter Retrospective Study

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors report that 17 of 119 coronavirus disease 2019 patients (14%) with ventilator-associated pneumonia developed a lung abscess.


Letter to the Editor: Optimizing the Risk-Benefit Balance of Thromboprophylaxis in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. This Letter to the Editor is in response to an article by Iba et al. (Coagulopathy of Coronavirus Disease 2019) and discusses dosing recommendations of low molecular weight heparin.


Letter to the Editor: Outcomes and Safety of Early Percutaneous Tracheostomy in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Admitted to the ICU

From Critical Care Medicine. This letter to the editor was written in response to "Early Percutaneous Tracheostomy in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Association With Hospital Mortality and Factors Associated With Removal of Tracheostomy Tube at ICU Discharge. A Cohort Study on 121 Patients."


Letter to the Editor: Predictors of Mortality and Effect of Drug Therapies in Mechanically Ventilated Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Multicenter Cohort St

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors conducted a multicenter cohort study to determine the effect of drug therapies on survival in mechanically ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019.


Letter to the Editor: Prevalence and Clinical Correlates of Echo-Estimated Right and Left Heart Filling Pressures in Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations In this Letter to the Editor, the authors discuss their study in which they hypothesized that a significant proportion of coronavirus disease 2019 patients has evidence of pulmonary hypertension associated with elevated left heart filling pressure on transthoracic echocardiography.


Letter to the Editor: Questioning the Futility of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Patients With Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. This online letter to the editor was written in response to " Is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Futile in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Experiencing In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest?" by Shah et al.


Letter to the Editor: The Importance of Universal Preprocedural Testing for the Novel Coronavirus 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. In this letter to the editor, the authors recommend universal preprocedural testing and other interventions to safeguard healthcare personnel and patients.


Letter to the Editor: The Role of Lung Ultrasound in Diagnosis and Follow-Up of Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this letter to the editor, the authors respond to an article by Ong et al. and recommend lung ultrasound in children with COVID-19 as a means of improving outcomes.


Letter to the Editor: The Role of the Pediatric Intensivist in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

From Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine. In this letter to the editor, the authors explore the role of pediatric intensivists, as highly-skilled professionals, in the care of critically ill adults. With adequate guidance by professional societies and adult intensivists, pediatric critical care physicians can provide valuable assistance in the current pandemic and in potential COVID-19 epidemic waves to come.


Letter to the Editor: The Triage Stalemate During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Losing Fairness to Ethical Paralysis

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors write in response to an article in Critical Care Medicine by Sprung et al., which outlined the major considerations for ethical ICU triaging under pandemic conditions and discuss the lack of systematic triaging in U.S. health care institutions.
 


Letter to the Editor: Thromboprophylaxis in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors report their adapted thromboprophylaxis practice of low-molecular-weight heparin administration in coronavirus disease 2019 ICU patients.


Letter to the Editor: Tracheostomy for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients: Maintaining the Standard of Care

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors respond to the new recommendations for delaying tracheostomy for coronavirus disease 2019 patients to day 21 post-intubation to ensure viral clearance.
 


Letter to the Editor: Transforming a PICU Into an Adult ICU During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Meeting Multiple Needs

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors describe the process converting half of their 40-bed PICU into a negative-pressure biocontainment ICU dedicated to adult coronavirus disease 2019 patients within a 1,003-bed academic quaternary hospital.


Letter to the Editor: Ultrasound Teleguidance to Reduce Healthcare Worker Exposure to Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors illustrate a proof of concept application of teleguidance to ultrasound-guided bedside procedures as an example of an innovative solution that has been used at their institution to maximize patient and provider safety in the COVID-19 era.


Letter to the Editor: Unclear Benefit of Early Tracheostomy In Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. This online letter to the editor was written in response to Early Percutaneous Tracheostomy In Coronavirus Disease 2019: Association With Hospital Mortality and Factors Associated With Removal of Tracheostomy Tube at ICU Discharge. A Cohort Study on 121 Patients" by Rosano et al.


Letter to the Editor: Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor, the authors report a retrospective analysis of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in ICU patients with COVID-19-associated respiratory failure. 
 


Letter to the Editor: Weaning by Surgical Tracheostomy and Portable Ventilators Released ICU Ventilators During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Surge in London

From Critical Care Explorations. In this Letter to the Editor from London, the authors share experiences with an integrated model of surgical tracheostomy weaning of respiratory critical care patients by a specialist mobile weaning team, using tracheostomy-licensed ventilators, and noted that it appears safe, effective and may be transferrable to other healthcare systems where ICU resource limitation is a reality during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Leveraging Tele-Critical Care Capabilities for Clinical Trial Consent

From Critical Care Explorations. In this article, the authors share their experience with a patient with severe COVID-19 who was admitted to a clinical trial of an investigational COVID-19 therapeutic using video-telecommunication to obtain informed consent.


Lista de Verificacion de Preparacion de la UCI

COVID-19 Checklist (Spanish Version). This checklist can be used to help prepare your institution during the COVID-19 surge.


Live Tweeting the Discovery of a New Coronavirus Disease 2019–Related Syndrome in Children

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. The authors of this Editorial sought to assess the evolving discussion surrounding the naming of a novel pediatric hyperinflammatory syndrome – a condition that showed overlapping features of Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome -- through the analysis of its evolution around the Twitter hashtag #PedsICU.


Long Term Neurological Complications of COVID-19​

This resource details the long term neurolgical complication seen in COVID-19 patients.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Long-Term Acute Care Hospital Outcomes of Mechanically Ventilated Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors reported that most patients with coronavirus disease 2019 transferred to two Chicago-area long-term acute care hospitals successfully weaned from prolonged mechanical ventilation.


Lung Ultrasound and Sonographic Subpleural Consolidation in COVID-19 Pneumonia Correlate with Disease Severity

This is an article that details lung ultrasound and sonographic subpleural consolidation in COVID-19 pneumonia correlated with disease serverity. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Machine Learning Prediction of Death in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors aimed compare machine learning algorithms and develop a simple tool for predicting 28-day mortality in ICU patients with coronavirus disease 2019.  


Management of Patients with COVID-19 and ARDS

COVID-19 SSC Guidelines Infographic. This rapid resource is aligned with the SSC COVID-19 Guidelines.


Managing Health Disparities in the Setting of Triage Decisions

Julia F. Taylor, MD, MA, HEC-C from the University of Virginia presents on the topic of Health Disparities; Katherine Fischkoff, MD from Columbia University presents on Resource Allocation; and Erin S. DeMartino, MD from Mayo Clinic presents on Pandemic Planning. 

Curriculum Topic: Shared Decision-Making and End-of-Life Care


Managing Moral Distress During a Pandemic

Review the concept of moral distress and how it can lead to burnout during a pandemic. Thought leaders will teach conflict management strategies and ways to better support your teams to avoid burnout. The Managing Moral Distress During a Pandemic webinar was held on November 11, 2021.


Managing Secondary Fungal Infections in COVID-19 Patients

This webinar discussed how to manage common secondary fungal infections commonly seen in COVID-19 patients.  Webcast Recorded on Tuesday, July 27, 2021


Managing Shortages: Principles of Allocation in Crisis Situations

This presentation covers how to ethically manage shortages and resource allocations. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Managing Staff Burnout During a Pandemic

This presentation is an overview of proper staff preparation during a pandemic to help avoid burnout. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Managing Stress and Coping with COVID-19

This resource covers managing stress and coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Managing Your Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Extenuating circumstances call for extraordinary coping. During this webcast, James C. Jackson, PsyD, and Megan Hosey, PhD, described common mental health symptoms that clinicians may experience during this crisis.


Many intubated COVID-19 patients are requiring renal replacement therapy. How is acute renal failure prevented in these patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 14th, 2021


Maternal Mortality During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This resource details maternal mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Mechanical Ventilation and Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Case-Control Analysis of Clinical Characteristics, Lung Mechanics, and Mortality

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors investigated the differences in clinical course, ventilator mechanics, and outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 secondary to acute respiratory distress syndrome infection compared with a historical cohort of acute respiratory distress syndrome.


Mechanical Ventilation During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Combating the Tsunami of Misinformation From Mainstream and Social Media

From Critical Care Medicine. The editorial authors discuss the role of mainstream and social media in creating the narrative that intubation and mechanical ventilation were "the cause of suboptimal outcomes" for critically ill COVID-19 patients, without accounting for hospital staffing and equipment shortages.


Medical Nutrition Therapy for COVID-19-Quick Guide

This resource is a quick guide on medical nutrition therapy for COVID-19 patients. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Metabolomics Profiling of Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients: Identification of Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors performed metabolomics profiling of critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 patients to understand better the underlying pathologic processes and pathways, and to identify potential diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers.


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