Implementing the C Element of the ABCDEF Bundle

Choice of analgesia and sedation offers guidance for a medication regimen for the management of pain and agitation in critically ill adults, consistent with the PAD Guidelines recommendations.

Primary Pain Management: Opioids

Pharmacology of Opiate Analgesics. This chart can be used to help treat pain for adult patients in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Nonopioid Medication Options

Pharmacology of Nonopiate Analgesics. This chart can be used to help treat pain for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Richmond-Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS)

Richmond Agitation Sedation ranks agitation and possibility for sedation. This tool can be used in the implementation of the C Bundle of the ABCDEF Bundle.

Riker Sedation Agitation Scale (SAS)

Sedation Agitation Scale (SAS) Match behavioral observations with scale descriptors. Each descriptor is matched with an agitation category.

Clinical Practice Guideline - Pain, Agitation, Delirium

A presentation from the 2012 Critical Care Congress on the Clinical Practice Guidelines on Pain, Agitation, and Delirium (PAD).

Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Pain, Agitation/Sedation, Delirium, Immobility, and Sleep Disruption in Adult Patients in the ICU

The Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Pain, Agitation/Sedation, Delirium, Immobility, and Sleep Disruption in Adult Patients in the ICU, known as the PADIS Guidelines, are an update to the 2013 Pain, Agitation, Delirium Guidelines.