The ABCDEF Bundle elements individually and collectively can help reduce delirium, improve pain management and reduce long-term consequences for adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients.

ZOOM OUT to evaluate the entirety of the patient's clinical status. 

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ZOOM IN on each element of the bundle as the multiprofessional team sets daily goals for the patient and reassesses these goals throughout the day based on the patient's evolving status. Find resources and tools for each ABCDEF Bundle element below.

Assess Pain
Assess, Prevent, and Manage Pain
Understand pain and find tools for its assessment, treatment and prevention.
Spontaneous Trials
Both SAT and SBT
Both Spontaneous Awakening Trials and Spontaneous Breathing Trials
Choice of Medication
Choice of analgesia and Sedation
Understand the importance of defining the depth of sedation choosing the right medication.
Delirium: Assess, Prevent and Manage
Understand delirium risk factors and find tools for its assessment, treatment and prevention.
Early Mobility
Early Mobility and exercise
ICU early mobility involves more than changing the patient's position.
Family Engagement
Family Engagement and Empowerment
Involving the family in patient care can help recovery.